KNOW YOUR ENGLISH

Know your English

S. UPENDRAN

“Hi!”
“Well, this is a pleasant surprise! Haven't seen you in a while. What brings you over?”
“I came to ask you if you would ... You don't look too good. Something wrong?”
“A really bad headache. Missed my caffeine window this morning, and it's ... ”
“Your caffeine window? What are you talking about?”
“The expression refers to the usual time you have your coffee. Or some drink that has caffeine in it.”
“And if you don't get your coffee at this particular time, you end up with a headache.”
“Exactly! When I was young, my cousin Devidas ensured that I never missed my caffeine window. The headache that followed made me very grumpy.”
“And I suppose Devidas didn't want to put up with a grumpy person.”
“I guess not. How was your physics test? Was it a walk in the park as you expected it to be?”
“A walk in the park? Never heard that expression before. Does it mean easy?”
“That's right! When you say that something was a walk in the park, you mean that it was not difficult at all. It posed no problems.”
“Well, the chemistry test was a walk in the park. But unfortunately, the physics test wasn't. It was tough.”
“Sorry to hear that. I finally got around to replacing the tap in the bathroom. I thought it would be difficult, but it was a walk in the park.”
“Some of the taps in my house need to be replaced as well. Can you do it?”
“Is that the reason you've come here?”
“No! I was planning on seeing a film. Was wondering if you'd like to come along.”
“Not with my headache, I'm afraid. Why don't you ask Bala?”
“Bala doesn't see movies.”
“What are you talking about? Bala is a cinephile.”
“Cinephile? Does it mean someone who is extremely fond of films?”
“Yes, that's right. Bala has always been a cinephile.”
“Like most cinephiles I know, Revathi sees at least two movies in a week.”
“How does she find the time? I mean, does she ... ”
“I have no idea. Another expression that has the same meaning as ‘cinephile' is ‘movie buff'. Am I right?”
“Absolutely. There are many movie buffs in my office. Which movie were you planning to see?”
“The one that is running in Nataraj. I understand that the new heroine in the film is eye candy.”
That's not what I heard. Several people in my office told me she is eye broccoli.”
“Eye what?”
“Broccoli. It's a vegetable that not many people are fond of. The first syllable rhymes with ‘rock' and ‘frock', and the ‘o' in the second syllable sounds like the ‘a' in 'china'. The word is usually pronounced ‘BRO-ke-li' with the stress on the first syllable. Some people pronounce it ‘BROK-li'.”
“But what does the expression ‘eye broccoli' mean?”
“It means not very god looking. Unattractive. According to Vinod, most of the new heroines are eye broccoli.”
“Just shows that Vinod is getting old.”
******
“My mother's menu consisted of two choices — take it or leave it.”Buddy Hackett
upendrankye@gmail.com
________________________________________________________________

Know Your English - How is the word ‘rapporteur' pronounced

S. UPENDRAN
Share  ·   Comment   ·   print   ·   T+  
How is the word ‘rapporteur' pronounced?
(B. Sandhya, Chennai)
The ‘a' in the first syllable sounds like the ‘a' in ‘cat', ‘bat', and ‘fat'; the second syllable sounds like the word ‘port'. The final ‘eur' sounds like the ‘ir' in ‘first', ‘thirst', and ‘shirt'. The word is pronounced ‘ra-por-TEER' with the stress on the final syllable. It is used to refer to someone who has been identified by a committee or an organisation to carry out research on something, and submit a full-fledged report. Someone who functions as a reporter and gives a brief account of the proceedings can also be called ‘rapporteur'.
*The rapporteur listened very patiently to what both parties had to say.
What is the meaning and origin of ‘on the wagon'?
(L. Kaushik, Nagpur)
This rather informal expression is used to refer to someone who abstains from drinking alcohol. The individual is usually someone who drank a lot in the past, but is now attempting to kick the habit. The opposite is 'off the wagon'. In this case, an individual who had stopped drinking, takes to the bottle again.
*Rahul is a changed man. He's been on the wagon for six months now.
The original form of this expression was ‘on the water wagon' or ‘on the water cart'. The wagon/cart in the idiom was not used to distribute water among people; it was, in fact, employed to keep the streets clean. During the 1890s, there was a concerted effort by many in the United States to bring about Prohibition. Men who vowed to stop drinking would often get onto the water wagons. They took an oath that when they became thirsty, they would not visit the bar; instead, they would down a couple of glasses of water from the wagon.
What is the difference between ‘kiss up to someone' and ‘kiss someone off'?
(R. Gayathri, Chennai)
These two expressions of American origin are considered slang and are mostly used in informal contexts. When you ‘kiss up to someone', you flatter them; you do everything possible to get into their good books. The expression is mostly used to show disapproval.
*Just do your job, Ram. There is no need to kiss up to anyone in this office.
The slang expression ‘kiss someone off' has several different meanings. One of them is ‘to write off someone or something'; to reject.
*My boss kissed off all my suggestions.
Is it okay to say, ‘We will be landing momentarily in Hyderabad'?
(T. Naresh, Hyderabad)
In terms of grammar, there is nothing wrong with the sentence. The meaning, however, is rather ambiguous. In American English, ‘momentarily' means ‘shortly' or ‘very soon'. The sentence suggests that the plane will be arriving in Hyderabad very soon. ‘Momentarily' also means ‘for a short time' or ‘for a moment'. The sentence could also mean that the plane will be landing in Hyderabad for a few seconds before taking off! To avoid the ambiguity, we could say, ‘We will be landing in Hyderabad soon'.
What is the meaning of ‘unbeknown'?
(T.H. Lawerence, Trivandrum)
This is a word that is seldom heard in everyday conversation. It is mostly used in formal contexts to mean ‘without the knowledge of'. In British English, it is also possible to say ‘unbeknownst'.
*Unbeknown to his mother, Vyomekesh bought an expensive watch for his uncle.
*****
“I may have said the same thing before. But my explanation, I am sure, will always be different.”Oscar Wilde
_____________________________________________________________

Know Your English - What is the meaning of 'Chalk and cheese'

S. UPENDRAN
Share  ·   Comment   ·   print   ·   T+  
What is the meaning of ‘chalk and cheese'?
(M. Shafi Mohammed, Chennai)
This is an expression that has been part of the English language for a very long time. According to some scholars, John Gower was the first person to use it in his text ‘Confessio Amantis' written in 1390. When you say that two people are like ‘chalk and cheese', you are suggesting that the two are very different from each other; they have nothing in common. The expression, which has the same meaning as ‘apples and oranges', can be used with things as well. No one is really sure about the origin of this idiom.
*I can't believe that Suresh and Vijay are brothers. They're like chalk and cheese.
What is the difference between ‘varsity' and ‘university'?
(K. Jagadish, Mysore)
‘Varsity' is the shortened form of ‘university', and the word is used in both American and British English. In England, New Zealand and South Africa, the word is mostly used in informal contexts to mean ‘university'. In earlier times, it was specifically used to refer to Oxford and Cambridge. Some dictionaries label this use of the word as old fashioned. Nowadays, ‘varsity' is mostly used in the context of sports. It refers to the main team of a university/school/college.
*Their son Atul is on the varsity cricket team.
What is the meaning of ‘modus operandi'?
(R. Soundararajan, Chennai)
First, let us deal with the pronunciation of this expression. The first syllable ‘mod' rhymes with the words ‘code', ‘load' and ‘toad'. The ‘op' in ‘operandi' sounds like the ‘op' in ‘cop', ‘hop' and ‘top', while ‘rand' rhymes with ‘band', ‘hand', and ‘sand'. The final ‘i' is like the ‘ee' in ‘deep', ‘deem', and ‘seem'. The vowel in the second syllable of both words is like the ‘a' in 'china'. The word is pronounced ‘mode-es op-e-RAND-ee' with the main stress on the third syllable of ‘operandi'. The literal meaning of this Latin expression is ‘way of operating'. In English, the expression is mostly used to refer to one's usual method of doing something. It is frequently heard on television shows like ‘Law and Order' and ‘CSI'. Whenever the police discover a body, one of the first questions the detective asks is, ‘What is the MO?' ‘MO' is the abbreviated form of ‘modus operandi'.
*The Police Chief was unwilling to discuss the killer's modus operandi.
What is the origin of ‘bikini'?
(Rafi Mohammed L, Tirupur)
In 1946, the French designer, Louis Reard, invented the two-piece swimming costume for women. Around that time, the Americans were using some of the islands in the Pacific to test their Atomic and Hydrogen bombs. One of the islands where several tests had been carried out and which was on everyone's lips was ‘Bikini Atoll'. The designer, Reard, decided to call his creation ‘bikini' because like the bombs being exploded on that island, he wanted the swimwear to send shock waves — but of a different kind, of course!
Which is correct: a European/an European?
(Raju Trivedi, Benaras)
The word ‘European' begins with a vowel letter. But when the word is pronounced, the first sound that emerges is that of a consonant. Since the word begins with a ‘y' sound, ‘European' should be preceded by ‘a' and not ‘an'.
******
“No, I don't understand my husband's theory of relativity, but I know my husband and I know he can be trusted.”Elsa Einstein
________________________________________________________

Know your English - What is the meaning of ‘lest'?

S. UPENDRAN
Share  ·   Comment   ·   print   ·   T+  
What is the meaning of ‘ballpark estimate'?
(N. Chandran, Chennai)
The expression is mostly used in American English to mean an approximate figure. When you ask a mechanic how much the repairs will cost, he usually gives you a rough estimate. The figure he quotes is called a ‘ballpark estimate' or a ‘ballpark figure'. In this case, it is not a wild estimate. The price he has stated will be very close to the final one that you will have to pay. There won't be too big a difference between the ballpark figure and the actual figure. The word ‘ballpark' is used in American English to refer to a stadium.
*There were a hundred people at Sujatha's party. That's just a ballpark estimate.
What is the meaning and origin of ‘swan song'?
(R. Harini, Bangalore)
This relatively old idiom is mostly used to refer to the final appearance of an individual before he retires or dies. Originally, the expression was used to refer to the final performance of a musician or an actor. Nowadays, of course, it is being used to refer to the final achievement or public appearance of any individual; the profession to which he belongs is no longer considered important.
*According to the legendary actor, last night's performance was his swan song.
*The completion of the project is my swan song. I retire at the end of the month.
In the old days, people believed that unlike the noisy duck, the beautiful swan remained mute most of its life. They were of the opinion that the only time the bird exercised its vocal cords was just before its death.
The expression ‘swan song' alludes to the ancient belief that a swan burst into a beautiful song just before it died. Why ‘swan' and not some other bird? In Greek mythology, Apollo (the God of Music and the Sun God) and Aphrodite (the Goddess of Love) considered the swan to be sacred. According to Socrates, the bird broke into a melodious song because it realised that it would soon be in the company of its master — Apollo.
Many well-known writers have been called ‘swans': Shakespeare was dubbed the ‘Swan of Avon', Homer was given the title ‘Swan of Meander', and Virgil was called the ‘Mantuan Swan'.
What is the meaning of ‘lest'?
(V. Shalini, Coimbatore)
This rather literary word is mostly used in formal contexts. The word is a contraction of the phrase ‘les te' meaning ‘less that'. With the passage of time, the phrase was reduced to ‘lest' meaning ‘for fear that' or ‘in order that'. The use of this word suggests that you would like to prevent something from happening. It can also be used to mean ‘to avoid the risk of'. The word rhymes with ‘best' and ‘nest'.
*You must run away lest you be forced to marry the old man.
*The Registrar refused to step out lest the angry students beat him up.
Is it okay to say, ‘I pity for him'?
(L. Ravindran, Mumbai)
We occasionally hear people say, 'I pity for him' and ‘I pity on him'. Both sentences are wrong. You usually say, 'I pity him'. It is possible to ‘take pity on someone' and ‘feel pity for someone'.
*I took pity on Raju and helped him with the project.
*The child was full of pity for the injured dog. 
_______________________________________________________________

Know your English — Wife referred as 'better half'

S. UPENDRAN
Share  ·   print   ·   T+  
Why is the wife always referred to as the ‘better half'?
(V.P. Balasubramanyan, Avadi)
Many people think that this rather old fashioned expression can be used only to refer to one's wife. This however is not true. Native speakers of English use it to refer to one's spouse — the ‘better half' can be the husband or the wife! The expression has been around for many centuries; in fact, the first person to use it was the Roman poet Horace. When he employed the term for the first time, he used it to refer to his friend, and not his spouse. With the passage of time, ‘better half' acquired a totally different meaning. It was used to refer to an individual's soul. By the time it was borrowed into English, the term meant one's friend or one's lover. It was in this sense that Sir Philip Sydney used it in his famous book Arcadia. It was only years later that the term began to mean what it does today — one's spouse.
*Unlike Usha, her better half seldom has anything interesting to say.
What is the meaning and origin of ‘blue-eyed boy'?
(S. Venugopal, Chennai)
This is a rather old expression that is mostly used in British and Australian English. The Americans prefer to say ‘fair-haired boy'. A ‘blue-eyed boy' is usually a young man who receives special treatment by those in power; he is admired by his bosses, and being their favourite is often groomed by them to become a leader. When you refer to someone as being the fair-haired/blue-eyed boy, it indicates that you are not particularly fond of the individual. The expression is mostly used to show disapproval. It is also possible to say ‘blue-eyed girl/fair-haired girl'. Another expression that has more or less the same meaning is ‘apple of one's eye'.
*Bala was never the blue-eyed/fair-haired boy of the administration.
*Ritu, the blue-eyed/fair-haired girl of the media, was present at the meeting.
A lot of companies in India have started producing creams which ‘lighten' one's compelxion; there are many people in our country who want to become ‘fair'. Being fair is seen as being a good thing. This is not something that is peculiar to India. Even in Western mythology, the hero was always ‘fair'; he usually had light coloured hair (blond) and blue eyes. The villain, on the other hand, was dark complexioned (when compared to the ‘god like' hero) and had dark hair.
What do you call someone who loves words?
(C. Mahesh, Mysore)
The word that you have in mind is ‘logophile'. It comes from the Greek ‘logos' meaning ‘word' and ‘phile' meaning ‘lover of'. Though compilers of dictionaries are confirmed logophiles, they tend not to include this word! Other words listed on the Internet that have the same meaning are ‘verbivore' and ‘verbophile'.
*If you want to know the meaning of the word, talk to Virat. He is a logophile.
What is the meaning of ‘i.e'?
(Abishek Anand, Delhi)
It is the abbreviated form of the Latin phrase ‘id est' meaning ‘that is'. People normally use it to mean ‘in other words'. The abbreviated form is used when you wish to explain in a different way something that you have said; when you wish to paraphrase.
*Violators, i.e., people who haven't paid the fee, will be asked to pay a penalty.
******
“Australia is an outdoor country. People only go inside to use the toilet. And that's only a recent development.”Barry Humphries
______________________________________________________

Know Your English - Meaning of ‘coffee table book'

S. UPENDRAN
Share  ·   Comment (2)   ·   print   ·   T+  
How is the word ‘cognoscente' pronounced?
(J. Rajesh Kumar, Melmaruvathur)
The first syllable rhymes with the words ‘fog' and ‘dog', while the second ‘o' sounds like the ‘a' in ‘china'. The ‘sc' is pronounced like the ‘sh' in ‘sheep' and ‘ship'. The syllable itself rhymes with ‘bent' and ‘sent', and the final ‘e' sounds like the ‘i' in ‘bit' and ‘hit'. The word is pronounced ‘cog-ne-SHEN-ti with the stress on the third syllable.
This is one way of pronouncing this word of Italian origin. ‘Cognoscente' is used in formal contexts to refer to people who are well informed about a particular subject; these individuals usually have a great understanding of the fine arts. The singular form of this word is spelt ‘cognoscenti'.
*Prahlad, the music cognoscenti, explained the subtler points of the raga.
What is the meaning of ‘coffee table book'?
(K. P. Andavan, Gobichettipalayam)
A coffee table book is normally hardbound, relatively large in size and contains a lot of illustrations/photographs. It is rather expensive and is designed to be pleasing on the eye; it usually does not contain too much text. These books mostly deal with the arts, and are generally found lying on coffee tables where the visitor to a house can see and admire them.
It is because of the lack of textual content that the term is sometimes used pejoratively to refer to books which deal with subjects in a superficial manner; books that give importance to style rather than substance.
When one refers to a song as being ‘coffee table music', you mean that it is ear candy. David R Brower is credited with the idea of designing such books.
What is the difference between ‘obtain' and ‘attain'?
(G. R. Jai Ganesh, Bangalore)
‘Obtain' means ‘to get'; when you obtain something, you are in possession of it. You gain a physical object. The use of this word does not necessarily imply that you have put in a lot of hard work to get what you want. For example, it has now become possible for people to buy a PhD degree. They don't really earn it by doing the necessary work; they get it by merely paying for it. It is also possible to ‘attain' a degree. When you do this, you are implying that you worked very hard to get the degree. The word ‘attain' is normally used to mean ‘to accomplish' or ‘reach a stage of'. Unlike ‘obtain', ‘attain' can also be used with abstract things. For example, people who have been meditating for a number of years ‘attain' peace of mind. The use of this word suggests that the individual has put in a lot of work to reach this stage.
What is the meaning of ‘to cold finger' someone?
(C. Nambiar, Kochi)
This rather new expression has more or less the same meaning as ‘give someone the cold shoulder'. When you give someone the cold shoulder, you usually look through the person. You ignore him/her and do everything possible to make the individual feel unwelcome. When you ‘cold finger' someone, you give him the cold shoulder while you are online! Sometimes, people send us an SMS or message us on Facebook/Orkut. By choosing to ignore it, and not to respond to it, we are giving the person the ‘cold finger'! Why finger? Because it's the fingers that we use to type the message!
******
“Advice is like castor oil; easy to give, but dreadful to take.”Josh Billings
___________________________________________________________

Know Your English - Difference between ‘neophyte', ‘beginner', and ‘ new beginner'

S. UPENDRAN
Share  ·   print   ·   T+  
What is the difference between ‘neophyte', ‘beginner', and ‘ new beginner'?
(Jasbir Singh, Patiala)
The first word is pronounced ‘KNEE-o-fight' with the stress on the first syllable, and it is frequently used to refer to a beginner or someone who is learning about an activity he has recently become involved in. Since the word sounds fancier than ‘beginner', it is now common for many people to use the two words interchangeably in most contexts. Careful users of the language, however, object to this. They contend that ‘neophyte' should be used only in the context of religion. The word comes from the Latin ‘neo' meaning ‘new' and ‘phytos' meaning ‘planted'. It was originally used to refer to a newly ordained priest or someone who had been recently converted. As for the expression ‘new beginner', it is a tautology. Someone who is a ‘beginner' is ‘new'; the word ‘new' is redundant.
*You need experienced people for the job. Vimal is a neophyte/beginner.
*The way Malar plays the guitar, it's obvious she's no neophyte/beginner.
In cricket, why is the word ‘duck' used to refer to ‘zero'?
(S. Manishankar, Namakkal)
The original expression used was ‘duck's egg'. This term was used to refer to ‘zero' because of the similarity in shape between a duck's egg and the number. With the passage of time, ‘duck's egg' was reduced to ‘duck'.
What is the meaning and origin of ‘cackling geese'?
(C.V. Ashwin, Bangalore)
‘Cackle' rhymes with the word ‘tackle' and it is usually used to refer to the high pitched and rather annoying sound made by hens, geese, etc. When used with people, it refers to the loud, shrill laughter or their loud chatter.
*The girls started cackling when they saw Sharukh at the airport.
The expression ‘cackling geese' is mostly used to mean ‘saviour' or ‘protector'. The full form of this expression is ‘the cackling geese saved Rome'. Those of us brought up on ‘ Asterix' comics know that the Romans had problems subduing the Gauls. Around 390 BC, the Gauls invaded Rome and attempted to plunder the Temple of Juno (Jupiter) on Capitoline Hill; this temple was well known for the riches it contained. The Gauls tried to trick the Romans by climbing the hill during the night. A few of the Gauls managed to climb over the high wall and slip in. Unfortunately for them, one of the geese in the temple heard the intruders and began to cackle. This alerted the Roman soldiers, and they managed to toss their enemies over the wall. I understand that geese make very good watchdogs — some say they are even better than dogs!
What is the meaning of ‘game changer'?
(M.N. Anuvarudhan, Palakkad)
The word is normally used to refer to people or their ideas. When you call someone a ‘game changer', you mean that the person has thought out of the box, and has come up with an idea that will change the way things have been done till now. The Internet, for example, is a game changer as far as gathering information is concerned. Before it became an integral part of our life, most people went to the library or discussed matters with other people to be in the know. Nowadays, you can sit at home and write a PhD dissertation surfing the Net — all you need to do is copy and paste!
******
“I feel so miserable without you, it's almost like having you here.”Stephen Bishop
___________________________________________________

Do and Don't


Don’t say or write
Say or Write
1
See / See here / See this---
Look / Look here / Look at this
2
Hear / Listen the story.
Listen / Listen to the story
3
Yourself
You / the name of the student
4
Name of the lesson
The title / heading of the -----
5
You have to answer
answer (Please)
6
Take your books, page 15
1. Take your books and open at p. 15
2. Open your books and turn to p.15
7
Repeat again
say it again / Repeat (please)
8
No group answers
1. Don’t answer all together
9
I don’t want group answers
2. Don’t say all together
10
Do you see this picture
Can you see this picture
11
I,ll do it in 2,3 days
I’ll do it two or three days
12
No talking / I want pin drop silence
Please don’t make a noise
13
He spent three hundred and change
He spent three hundred and odd rupees
14
Say Loudly
say it aloud
15
Keep it on the floor / table
Put it on ------
16
Duster
Board rubber
17
Understood?
(You can avoid this)
18
Tell the answer
Say the answer
19
He is tall no?
Isn’t he tall? / Is he tall?
20
My house is within walkable distance from
My house is within a walking
distance of my school
21
You might have seen ________
You may have seen_______
22
He could not able to solve it?
He was not able to solve it.
23
Are you able to see?
Can you see?
24
Just now I’ve told you
1. I have just told you.
2. I told you just now
25
Why because
Why did I ----- ? / Because
26
He was here last before year
He was here before last year
27
Old people how do they walk?
How do old people walk?
28
Do all of you have the English books?
Have all of you brought / got the -----?
29
How is this building?
( when you want a description)
1. What is this building like?
2. Can you describe this building?
30
Small story
A short story
31
What is this picture?
What is this a picture of ?
32
Mani, not writing ?
Mani, aren’t you writing?
33
Mala, Don’t have a book?
Mala, haven’t you brought your book?
34
They preponed the meeting.
They advanced the meeting
35
By heart the definition
Learn the definition by heart
36
My Mrs is a teacher. /
My wife is a teacher.
My home maker is teacher.
37
Complete it at least by Sunday
Complete it least by Sunday
38
She likes rose flower
She likes roses
39
I like both X as well as Y.
I like both X and Y. (or)
I like X and as well as Y.
2. I like X as well as Y. or I like X and I like Y as well.
40
Geetha is my cousin sister
Geetha is my cousin
41
I purchased a pen Yesterday
I bought a pen yesterday
42
This book is my book.
This book is mine. / This is my book
43
He entered into the class room
He entered the class room
44
What is the cost of your watch ?
What is the price of your watch ? Or
45
He will write the S.S.C exams --
He will take the S.S.C exams next year.
46
Suppose if he comes, -----
Suppose he comes ------ or
If he comes---------
47
My friend and my self completed ------
My friend I completed --------
48
My self did the work in one day.
I did the work in one day.
49
He eats a banana fruit every day.
He eats a banana every day.
50
Do you know cow ?
Do you know what a cow is ?
51
I like your leave now.
1. I must say good bye now.
2. I take leave of you.
52
Please grant me leave for -------
Please grant me leave of absence for ------
53
Sita committed five mistakes, /
He did a mistake.
Sita made five mistakes.
Some people commit crimes now and then.
54
I have a red colour T- shirt.
I have a red T-shirt.
55
He is studying class ninth.
1. He is in class nine / the ninth class.
2. He is studying Physics / Medicine / engg
56
I am having / He is having a car.
I have / He has a car.
57
He will eat breakfast at eight -----
He eats breakfast at eight every day.
58
One of my friend is a Doctor.
One of my friends is a Doctor.
59
I and my wife went to the Zoo.
My home maker and I went to the Zoo.
60
Please sign in the register.
Please sign the register.
61
He came here two months before.
He came here two months ago.
62
The exams start from 1st June
The exams start on 1st June.
63
She goes to school by walking.
She goes to school on foot.
64
He is my own son / brother.
He is my son / brother.
65
I was sick last week.
I was ill last week. Or
I fell ill last week.
66
They shifted into a new flat / house.
They moved into a new house.
67
You must and should do it.
You must do it. (or) you should do it.
68
He is in foreign.
He is in a foreign country. Or
He works in --------
69
----------- Last evening
-----------Yesterday evening.
70
Leela madam
Mrs. Leela
71
Raghu sir
Mr. Raghu
72
X : Who is Raju ?
X : Who is Raju ?
Raju : It’s me. / I’m Raju
73
XYZ means what ?
What does XYZ mean ?
74
There are near about 100 ------
There are nearly 100 ------ /
about 100 -------
_______________________________________________________________

Talk about himself / herself

Who are you?
I am a boy. (Or) I am a girl.
What is your Surname?
My Surname is………………. .
What is your name?
My name is ………………….. .
What class are you studying?
I am studying…………………....
How old are you?
I am 12 years old.
When is your birth day?
My birthday is on………………
What is your height?
My height is………………..
What is your weight?
My weight is………………
Where do you live?
I live in/at…………………
What is your hobby?
My hobby is………………….
How old were you last year?
I was……years old last year.
How old will you be next year?
I will be……..years old next year.
When do you get up/Wakeup?
I get up at 5 O’clock in the morning.
When do you g to school?
I go to School at ………………..
How do you come to school?
I come to school on foot/by bus.
When do you go to bed?
A.I goes to bed at 10.P.M.
What color is your hair?
My hair is black.
What is your mother tongue?
Telugu is my Mother tongue.
What language do you speak at home?
A.I speak Telugu at home/?
Who is your best friend?
Lavanya is my best friend.
Who is your favorite actor/hero
Chiranjeevi is my favorite actor.
Who is your favorite actress/heroine?
.…………………is my favorite actress.
Who do you like the most in your family?
I like my Mother the most in my family.
Who cooks foods in your house?
My Mother cooks food in my house.
What is your favorite game?
Cricket is my favorite game.
Which game does you like the most?
I like cricket the most.
Which subject does you like the best?
A.I like English the best.
When do you do your home work?
I does my home work at night.
Who is your favorite teacher?
…………………is my favorite teacher.
What do you want to become?
I want to become an …………….. 
_______________________________________________

Talk about the names the members of a family

What is your father’s name?
My father’s name is …………………
What is your mother’s name?
My mother’s name is …………………..
What your elder brother’s name?
My elder brother’s name is……………….
What is your younger brother’s name?
My younger brother’s name is ……………..
What is your elder sister’s name?
My elder sister’s name is ………………..
What is your younger sister’s name?
My younger sister’s name is …………………
What is your uncle’s name?
My uncle’s name is …………………
What is your Aunt’s name?
My Aunt’s name is …………..
What is your best friend’s name?
My best friend’s name is …………..
What is your Grand father’s name?
My grand father’s name is……………..
What is your Grand mother’s name?
My grand mother’s name is ………….
____________________________________________

Talk about the occupations of the members of a family

What are you?
I am a student.
What is your father?
My father is a farmer.
What is your mother?
My mother is a house wife.
What is your elder brother?
My elder brother is a…………
What is your elder sister?
My elder sister is………………
What is your younger sister?
My younger sister is ………..
What is your uncle?
My uncle is …………….
What is your aunt?
My aunt is a house wife.
What is your best friend?
______________________________________________

Talk about the ages of the members of one's family

What is your age?
My age is ……..
What is your elder brother’s age?
My elder brother’s age is ………….
What is your younger brother’s age?
My younger brother’s age is ……..
What is your elder sister’s age?
My elder sister’s age is ………
What is your younger sister’s age?
My younger sister’s age is ………..
What is your father’s age?
My father’s age is…………
What is your mother’s age?
My mother’s age is……….
What is your uncle’s age?
My uncle’s age is …………..
What is your aunt’s age?
My aunt’s age is ………
What is your best friend’s age?
My best friend’s age is……….
What is your grand father’s age?
My grand father’s age is…………….
What is your grand mother’s age?
My grand mother’s age is…………..
_______________________________________________

Talk about School

What is your school name?
My school name is …………….
Who is your Head master / Head teacher?
…………………… is our Head master.
Where is your school?
Our school is near bus stand.
When was your school founded/established?
Our school was founded/established in the year………….
How many teachers are there in your school?
There are …………teachers in our school.
How many students are there in your school?
There are ………… students in our school.
How many rooms are there in your school?
There are ……….rooms in our school.
How many classes are there in your school?
There are ………..Classes in my school.
How many sections are there in your school?
There are ……… sections in my school.
How many languages do you learn at your school?
I learn three languages at my school.
How many hours do you spend at school?
I spend 8 hours at school.
How many trees are there in your school?
There are many trees in my school.
How many computers are there in your school?
There are 10 computers in my school.
What is the color of your school uniform?
The color of my school uniform is ………………………………
How far is the school from your house?
The school is 2 Kms from my house.
When does your school begin?
Our school begins at 9 a.m.
When does your school end?
Our school ends at 4.30 p.m.
When do you celebrate Independence day?
I celebrate Independence day on 15th August.
When do you celebrate Teacher’s day?
I celebrate Teacher’s day on 5th September.
When do you celebrate Children’s day?
I celebrate Children’s day on 14th November.
When do you celebrate ‘New year’ day?
I celebrate New Year ’s Day on 1st January.
When do you celebrate Republic day?
I celebrate Republic day on 26th January.
When do you celebrate your school day?
I celebrate our school day in April.
What do you do in the school?
I study and play in the school.
Is there a play ground in your school?
Yes, there is a play ground in our school.
Is thee a library in your school?
Yes, there is library in my school.
______________________________________________

Talk about the class

When does your class begin?
My classes begin at 10 a.m.
When does your class end?
My classes end at 4.30 p.m.
What is the name of your class teacher? (Or) Who is your class teacher?
The name of my class teacher is ………… (Or) …………………..is my class teacher.
Who is your class pupil’s leader?
…………………is my class pupil’s leader.
Who is your English teacher? (Or) Who teacher you English?
A.………………………sir is English teacher.
Who is your Math’s teacher?
A.
Who is your Telugu teacher?
A.
Who is your Hindi teacher?
A.
Who is your Science teacher?
A.
Who is your Social teacher?
A.
Who is your PET Master?
A.
Who is your computer Instructor?
A.
How many boys are there in your class?
There are……….boys in my class.
How many girls are there in your class?
There are ………girls in my class.
Where do you sit in the class room?
I sit in the second row in the classroom. (Or)
Rani sits beside me in the class.
What do you say when your teacher come to your class in the morning?
We say ‘Good morning Sir’.
What do you say to your teacher in the afternoon?
I say Good afternoon Sir/Madam.
What do you say to your teacher in the evening?
I say Good evening Sir?
Who is the cleverest girl in your class?
Lavanya is the cleverest girl in my class.
Who is the cleverest boy in your class?
……………. is the cleverest boy in my class.
Whose hand writing is the best in your class?
Lavanya hand writing is the best in my class.
Who is the tallest boy in your class?
…………. is the tallest boy in my class.
Who is the shortest boy in your class?
……………is the shortest boy in my class.
Who is the fattest boy in your class?
…………..is the fattest boy in my class.
How many doors are thee in your class?
There are two doors in my class.
How many windows are there in your class?
There are two windows in my class.
How many chairs are there in your class?
There is a one chair in my class.
How many tables are there in your class?
There is a one table in my class.
How many desks are there in your class?
There are no desks in my class.
Who writes on the black board?
The teacher writes on the black board.
What do you use to write on the black board?
I use a piece of chalk to write on the black board.
What do you use to clean the black board?
I use a duster/board rubber to clean the black board.
Who gets the highest marks in your class?
Lavanya gets the highest marks in my class.
How many units are there in your English Reader?
There are 15 units in my English Reader.
Is your class room big or small?
My class room is big.
_______________________________________________

Talk about days in a week

What day is today?
Today is Monday. (Or) It is Monday today.
How many days are there in a week?
There are seven days in a week.
Which is the first day of the week?
Sunday is the first day of the week.
Which is the second day of the week?
Monday is the second day of the week.
Which is the third day of the week?
Tuesday is the third day of the week.
Which is the fourth day of the week?
Wednesday is the fourth day of the week.
Which is the fifth day of the week?
Thursday is the fifth day of the week.
Which is the sixth day of the week?
Friday is the sixth day of the week.
Which is the seventh or last day of the week?
Saturday is the last day of the week.
How many days make a week?
Seven days make a week.
How many hours make a day?
Twenty four hours make a day.
When do you have weekly holiday? (Or) What is your weekly holiday?
Sunday is my weekly holiday.
What do you do on Sunday?
I read and watch TV on Sundays.
TASK-1
What day comes before Monday?
Sunday comes before Monday.
What day comes before Tuesday?
Monday.
What day comes before Wednesday?
Tuesday.
What day comes before Thursday?
Wednesday.
What day comes before Friday?
Thursday.
What day comes before Saturday?
Friday.
What day comes before Sunday?
Saturday.
TASK-2
What day comes after Monday?
Monday comes after Sunday.
What day comes after Monday?
Tuesday.
What day comes after Tuesday?
Wednesday.
What day comes after Wednesday?
Thursday.
What day comes after Thursday?
Friday .
What day comes after Friday?
Saturday.
What day comes after Saturday?
Sunday.
_____________________________________________

Talk about the names of days and months

What is the date today?
It is the 13th June.
How many months are there in a year?
There are 12 months in a year.
How many months make a year?
Twelve months make a year.
Which is the first month of the year?
January is the first month of the year.
Which is the second month of the year?
February.
Which is the third month of the year?
March.
Which is the fourth month of the year?
April.
Which is the fifth month of the year?
May.
Which is the sixth month of the year?
June.
Which is the seventh month of the year?
July.
Which is the eighth month of the year?
August.
Which is the ninth month of the year?
September.
Which is the tenth month of the year?
October.
Which is the eleventh month of the year?
November.
Which is the last month of the year?
December.
TASK-1
How many days are there in January?
There are 31 days in January.
How many days are there in February?
There are 28 or 29 days in February.
How many days are there in March?
There are 31 days in March.
How many days are there in April?
There are 30 days in April.
How many days are there in May?
There are 31 days in May.
How many days are there in June?
There are 30 days in June.
How many days are there in July?
There are 31 days in July.
How many days are there in August?
There are 31 days in August.
How many days are there in September?
There are 30 days in September.
How many days are there in October?
There are 31 days in October.
How many days are there in November?
There are 30 days in November.
How many days are there in December?
There are 31 days in December.
TASK-2
Which month comes before February?
January comes before February.
Which month comes before March?
February.
Which month comes before April?
March.
Which month comes before May?
April.
Which month comes before June?
May.
Which month comes before July?
June.
Which month comes before August?
July.
Which month comes before September?
August.
Which month comes before October?
September.
Which month comes before November?
October.
Which month comes before December?
November.
Which month comes before January?
December.
TASK-3
Which month comes after January?
February comes after January.
Which month comes after February?
March.
Which month comes after March?
April.
Which month comes after April?
May.
Which month comes after May?
June.
Which month comes after June?
July.
Which month comes after August?
September.
Which month comes after September?
October.
Which month comes after October?
November.
Which month comes after November?
December.
Which month comes after December?
January.
___________________________________________________

Talk about Have / Has

The teacher shows his physical appearances and say.

I have two hands.
I have two legs.
I have two eyes.
I have two ears.
I have 20 fingers.
I have two sisters.
I have nephews.
I have two sister-in-laws.
I have ten rupee note.
I have three sketch pens.
I have two five-rupee notes.
I have many friends.
I have 32 teeth.
I have a mouth.
I have a nose.
I have a head.
I have a pen.
I have red pen.
I have a watch.
I have a ring.
I have a bicycle.
I have black hair.
I have a book.
I have a duster.
I have a house.
I have a brother.
I have a daughter.
I have an uncle.
I have aunt.
I have a radio.
I have a T.V.
I have a computer.
I have bangles.
I have a son.
I have a tongue.
I have a pencil.
I have a piece of chalk.
I have a color TV.
I have an English Reader.
I have a change for ten rupees.
I have one rupee coin.
I have grey hair.
I have a scooter.
I have a car.

DON’T HAVE

I don’t have a scooter.
I don’t have a car.
I don’t have bicycle.
I don’t have red pen.
I don’t have a color TV.
I don’t have grey hair.
I don’t have a sketch pen.
I don’t have a house.
I don’t have a watch.
I don’t have a ring.
I don’t have a radio.
I don’t have bangles.
I don’t have a Computer.
I don’t have ten rupee notes.
I don’t have an English Reader.
I don’t have one rupee coins.
I don’t have change for ten rupees.
I don’t have two five rupee notes.
I don’t have money.
I don’t have three sketch pens.
Has

January has 31 days.
February has 28 days.
March has 31 days.
April has 30 days.
May has 31 days.
June has 30 days.
July has 31 days.
August has 31 days.
September has 30 days.
October has 31 days.
November has 30 days.
December has 31 days.


Has January 31 days?
Yes, it has.
Has February 28 days?
Yes, it has.
Has March 31 days?
Yes, it has.
Has April 30 days?
Yes, it has.
Has a May 31 day?
Yes, it has.
Has June 30 days?
Yes, it has.
Has July31days?
Yes, it has.
Has an August 31 day?
Yes, it has.
Has September 30 days?
Yes, it has.
Has October 31 days?
Yes, it has.
Has November 30 days?
Yes, it has.
Has December 31 days?

PAIR WORK-1

How many days have January?
January has 31 days.
How many days have February?
February has 28 days.
How many days have March?
March has 31 days.
How many days have April?
April has 30 days.
How many days have May?
May has 31 days.
How many days have June?
June has 30 days.
How many days have July?
July has 31 days.
How many days have August?
August has 31 days.
How many days have September?
September has 30 days.
How many days have October?
October has 31 days.
How many days have November?
November has 30 days.
How many days have December?
December has 31 days.

TASK-4 (Inverted Questions)

Have you two hands?
Yes, I have two hands.
Have you two legs?
Yes, I have.
Have you two eyes?
Yes, I have.
Have you 32 teeth?
No, I haven’t.
Have you a brother?
Yes, I have.
Have you two sisters?
No, I haven’t.
Have you a bicycle?
No, I haven’t.
Have you a color TV?
Yes, I have.
Have you a house?
Yes, I have.
Have you a red pen?
No, I haven’t.
Have you one rupee coins?
No, I haven’t.
Have you a sketch pen?
No, I haven’t.
Have you an English Reader?
Yes, I have.
Have you a scooter?
No, I haven’t.
Have you change for ten rupees?
No, I haven’t.
Have you bangles?
Yes, I have.
Have you 20 fingers?
Yes, I have.
Have you a Computer?
Yes, I have.
Have you a pencil?
Yes, I have.
Have you a watch?
No, I haven’t.
Have you grey hair?
No, I haven’t.
Have you a radio?
Yes, I have.
Have you many friends?
Yes, I have.

PAIR WORK-2

A: How many hands have you?
B: I have two hands.
A: How many legs have you?
B: I have two legs.
A: How many eyes have you?
B: I have two eyes.
A: How many ears have you?
B: I have two ears.
A: How many brothers have you?
B: I have one brother.
A: How many sisters have you?
B: I have two sisters.
A: How many uncles have you?
B: I have one uncle.
A: How many friends have you?
B: I have many friends.
A: How many pens have you?
B: I have two pens.
A: How many fingers have you?
B: I have 20 fingers.
A: How many one rupee coins have you?
B: I have five one rupee coins.
A: How many colors have our national flag?
B: Our national flag has three colors.
A: How many legs have animals?
B: Animals have four legs.
A: How many wheels have a bicycle?
B: A bicycle has two wheels.
A: How many legs have birds?
B: Birds have two legs.
A: How many wings has a birds?
B: A bird has two wings.
A: How many colors has a rainbow?
B: A rainbow has seven colors.
A: How many aunts have you?
B: I have two aunts.
____________________________________________________

Talk about Food Items

Learning words:
Breakfast, lunch, supper, dinner, rice, curry, dhal, soup, curd, egg, bread, ice-cream, biscuits, coffee, tea, milk, dose, pure, chapatti, idle, upma, vada, pongal, porridge, rasam, sambar, snakes.

A: What is your lunch today?
B: Rice and dhal.
A: What is your breakfast today?
B: Upma Sir.
A: What was your breakfast yesterday?
B: Idli and sambar.
A: What was your lunch yesterday?
B: Rice, dhal, and curd.
A: What was your supper yesterday?
B: Rice and curd.
A: Do you like idli?
B: Yes, I like.
A: Do you like chapathi?
B: No, I don’t like.
A: Do you like puri?
B: Yes, I like.
A: Do you like upma?
B: NO, I don’t like.
A: Do you like vada?
B: No, I don’t like.
A: Do you like ice-cream?
B: Yes, I like.
A: Do you like biscuits?
B: Yes, I like.
A: Do you like sweets?
B: Yes, I like.
A: Do you like fruits?
B: Yes, I like.
A: Do you like flowers?
B: Yes, I like.
________________________________________________

TALK ABOUT DISTANCE (HOW FAR)

The teacher shows the rout map and asks the following questions.
A. How far is the school from your house?
B. The school is 2.kms. from my house.
(Or) It is near (Or) Very near. (Or) It is a long away.
A. How far is the post office from your house?
B. The post office is about 1 Km from my house.
A. How far is the State Bank from your house?
B. The State Bank is very near from my house.
A. How far is the Sai Baba temple from your house?
B. It is a long away from my house.
A. How far is the old bus stand from your house?
B. It is near from my house.
A. How far is the new bus stand from your house?
B. It is very near from my house.
A. How far is the police station from your house?
B. It is a half kilometer from my house.
A. How far is the MRO office from your house?
B. It is 1Km from my house.
A. How far is Srinivasa Theatre from your house?
B. It is 1Km from my house.
____________________________________________

Talk about School Time Table

The teacher shows the time table chart and asks the following questions.
Which period do you have English?
A. Second period.
Which period do you have Telugu?
A.
Which period do you have Hindi?
A.
Which period do you have Maths?
A.
Which period do you have Science?
A.
Which period do you have Social?
A.
Which period do you have Computer class?
A.
Which period do you have PET?
A.
Which period do you have SUPW?
A.
Which period do you have MI?
A.
Which period do you have VE?
A.
Which period do you have NPT?
A.
What do you have in the first period?
A.We have Science in the first period.
What do you have in the second period?
A.We have English in the second period.
What do you have in the third period?
A.
What do you have in the fourth period?
A.
What do you have in the fifth period?
A.
What do you have in the sixth period?
A.
What do you have in the seventh period?
A.
What do you have in the eighth period?
A.
Which subject do you have in the eighth period?
A.
____________________________________________

Talk about cities and countries

What is the name of your village?
The name of my village is…………….
What is the name of your Mandal?
The name of my Mandal is………….
What is the name of your district?
The name of my district is…………….
What is the name of your state?
The name of my state is……………..
What is the name of your country?
The name of my country is …………….
What is the capital of Andhra Pradesh?
Hyderabad is the capital of Andhra Pradesh.
What is the capital of India?
Delhi is the capital of India.
What is our national anthem?
Jana-Gana-Mana is our National Anthem.
What is our national animal?
Tiger is our national animal.
What is our national bird?
Peacock is our national bird.
What is our national flower?
Lotus is our national flower.
Where is the High Court?
Hyderabad.
Where is the Supreme Court?
New Delhi.
_____________________________________________

Talking about 'On going Actions'

The teacher does some actions first then the pupil do as he does.
Who am I?
You are a teacher.
What am I doing?
You are writing.

You are reading.
You are walking.
You are sitting.
You are standing.
You are speaking.
You are beating.
You are drinking.
You are eating.
You are cleaning.
You are combing.
You are jumping.
You are closing the door.
You are opening the door.
You are coming.
You are running.
You are teaching.
You are drawing a picture.
You are cutting.
You are tearing the paper.
You are calling my number.
You are calling Lavanya.
You are calling my names.
You are saying stop talking.
You are giving a book to Lavanya.
You are asking a questing to Ravi.
You are mewing like a cat.
You are grumping like a pig.
You are barking like a dog.
You are roaring like a lion.
You are mooing like a cow.
You are quacking like a duck.
You are cawing like a crow.

What is Kavitha doing?
Kavitha is reading.

She is writing.
She is walking.
She is standing.
She is cleaning the black board.
She is drawing a picture.
She is coming.
She is listening.
She is mewing.
She is sitting.
She is opening the window.
She is singing a song.
She is a dancing.
She is smiling.
She is giving a book to her friend.
She is eating something.
She is drinking water.
She is talking.
She is combing.
___________________________________________

Talk about Past Actions (was / were)

She was absent yesterday.
I was busy yesterday.
He was in Chitvel last Monday.
You were present yesterday.
They were in Tirumala last Saturday.
Rani was 12 years last year.
We were at home yesterday.
I was in Nellore in 1997.
Nehru was the first prime minister.
It was Monday yesterday.
The bus was late by 2 hours.
They wee late by 15 minutes to class.
It was very hot yesterday.
Many students were absent yesterday.
________________________________________________

Talk about can, may, will

CAN
I can speak Telugu.
I can speak English.
I can speak Hindi.
I can ride a bicycle.
I can climb a tree.
I can draw a picture.
I can clean the black board.
I can wash my clothes.
I can speak four languages.
I can play cricket.
My father can drive a scooter/car.
India can win the match.
You can do anything.
They can catch the bus.
He can get good marks.
You can keep the room clean.
They can buy a car
She can sing wedding songs.
We can solve this problem.
Lavanya can get a first class.
The peacock can dance beautifully.
Birds can fly in the sky.
Can I leave now?

MAY
You may get a first class.
You may go home.
We may win the match today.
Lavanya may become a doctor.
The bus may arrive late.
It may rain.
He may come here tomorrow.
She may become a rich woman.
My father may sell his house.
The teacher may beat her.
We can catch the next bus.
May I come in Sir?
May I know your name, please?
May I go home early sir?
May I make a phone call from here?
May I sit here?
May I use your phone?
May I help you?

WILL
I will be 13 years next year.
I will come to your house tomorrow.
I will play cricket.
I will become a doctor.
You will get a good job.
I will be in Chitvel tomorrow.
You will marry a beautiful girl.
You will have many friends.
I will have many relatives.
You will become rich.
She will stop her studies.
I will join a collage next year.
My father will build a new house.
My sister will pass SSC next year.
They will come back home.
I will come during holiday.
I will give the book to you tomorrow.
I will leave Chitvel by 9 a.m on Sunday.
I will be there by 10.a.m.
___________________________________________

Talk about simple YES / No Questions

A: Can you ride a bicycle?
B: Yes, I can ride a bicycle.
A: Can you write with your left hand?
B: No, I can’t write with my left hand.
A: Can you speak Telugu?
B: Yes, I can.
A: Can you speak English well?
B: Yes, I can.
A: Can you speak Tamil?
B: No, I can’t
A: Can you read any English book?
B: No, I can’t.
A: Can you drive a car?
B: No, I can’t drive a car.
A: Can you swim?
B: No, I can’t swim.
A: Can you climb a tree?
B: No, I can’t.
A: Can you answer to this question?
B: Yes, I can.
A: Can you say some names of birds?
B: Yes, I can.
A: Can you say some names of animals?
B: Yes, I can.
A: Can you play cricket?
B: Yes, I can.
A: Were you absent yesterday?
B: Yes, I was absent yesterday.
A: Were you present yesterday?
B: Yes, I was present yesterday.
A: Was Divya absent yesterday?
B: Yes, she was absent yesterday.
A: Were you in the class yesterday?
B: Yes, I was in the class yesterday.
A: Do you get up early?
B: Yes, I get up early.
A: Do you like Idli or Puri?
B: Yes, I like Idlies.
A: Do you tell lies?
B: No, I don’t tell lies.
A: Do you go to school on Sunday?
B: No, I do not go to school on Sunday.
A: Do you go to school regularly?
B: Yes, I g to school regularly.
A: Do you like your school?
B: Yes, I like my school.
A: Do you play in the evening?
B: Yes, I play in the evening.
A: Do you live in a village or town?
B: I live in a village/town.
A: Do you like to watch TV programmes?
B: Yes, I like to watch TV programmes.
A: Do you read news paper daily?
B: Yes, I read news paper daily.
A: Do you like to learn English?
B: Yes, I like to learn English.
A: Do you celebrate Teacher’s day in your school?
B: Yes, We celebrate teacher’s day in my school.
A: Have you finished your home work?
B: Yes, I have finished my home work.
A: Is your house big or small?
B: My house is big.
A: Are you always late to school?
B: No, I am never late to school.
A: Have you a color TV or back and white TV?
B: I have a color TV
____________________________________________

Listening

Listening to the Instructions & commands
Listening to the Radio different programs
Listening to the Television programs
Listening to the Computers programs
Listening to the announcements
Listening to the T.V. News/Running comm..
Listening to the teaching/ Lecture
Listening to the oration
Listening to the telephone conversation
Listening to the group discussion in several occasions
Listening to the conversation birth day, wedding
Listening to the English programs
Listening to the various voices on tape recorder
Listening to the watching a film
Listening to the conversation between
Listening to the two friends of your friend what he is speaking
Listening to the anything in English what ever others say
_____________________________________________

Speaking

Greetings
Introducing himself
Introducing others
By performing Mime activities
Role play
Introducing themselves
Introducing your friend to some one
Introducing others
Introducing his family members to some one
Seeking permission
Giving commands and Instructions
Identifying parts of the body
Conversation
Talk about has/have possessions
Talking about personal possession
Dialogue
Identifying objects
Role plays
Dilogues different occasions
Telephone conversations
Group discussions
Enguiries
Saying opinions
Saying ambitions
Pair works
Debates
Relaying Instructions
Public address
Dramatization
Language games
Telling interesting stories
Speak simple class room English
Talk about himself/herself
Talk about names of his family members
Talk about his family member’s occupation
Talk about the ages of his family members
Talk about the school
Talk about the class
Talk about days in a week
Talk about the names of days and months
Talk about has/have possessions
Talk about food items
Talk about distance (how far)
Talk about schools time table
Talk about cities & countries
Talk about on going action
Talk about simple yes/No questions
Talk about his/her future plans
Talk about his/her experiences
Talk about numbers from 1 to 50
________________________________________________________

Reading

Read the Reading cards
Read the wall posters
Read the News paper
Read the Broachers
Read the prospects
Read the instructions
Read the Information boards
Read the Time table
Read the News paper advertisements
Read the News paper article
Read the Magazines
Read the Journals
Read the Hand bills
Read the pamphlets
Read the Wrappers of consumer products
Read the Medicine prescriptions
Read the Address on the covers
Read the calendars
Read the wall painting
Read the picture cards
Read the Greeting cards
Read the Wedding cards
Read the Invitation cards
Read the Time schedule (bus/train)
Read the commands
Read the directions
Read the Requests
Read the small paragraphs
Read the Jumbled sentences
Read the English Alphabet
Read the picture reading
Read the words, phrase and sentences
Read the number 1 to 50 in words
Read the bills & forms
Read the map & charts
_____________________________________________

Writing

Letter writing
Paragraph writing
Story writing
Report writing
Resume
Free guided composition
Auto- biographical experiences
Historical events/achievements- Educations, Sports, Polities, Media, Information Technology
____________________________________________

Simple Commands and Instructions used in the Class Room

Good Morning, Children
Good Morning, Sir/Madam
Stand up
Sit down
Please sit down
Come here
Bring your English work book
Open your book at page no 25
Raise your hand
Look here
Look at the black board
Please listen to me carefully
Listen to the story
Please keep quiet
Don’t make a noise
Copy this line (sentence) in your exercise book
Show me your book
read aloud
Read silently
Stand in a row
Sit in a first row
Please say it again
Say it again
Say answer
Take this as home work
Read this para
Stop writing
Come and meet me after the class
Read this para one after another
Come near
Write quickly
Say it loudly after me
Write the data on the black board
Please write your name on your paper
Stand beside me
Come inside
Go to your class rooms
Don’t say it after me
Note this down
Say answer to this question
Come and meet me again
Write with pencil
Go and ask your English teacher
Write with a pen
Sit here
Stand here
Don’t sit here
Say it after me
Avoid eating in the class
Let him say first
Call her
Wait here untile the class is over
Time is up
Introduce me to her
Follow me/come with me
Ask him / her name
Time is up
Introduce me English
Say it aloud
Don’t say all together
Don’t answer all together
Close your book
Pick up your pencil
Put down your pencil
Go to the black board
Open the door
Close the door
Shut the window
Go back to your seat
Show your copy writing note book
Take out your English note books
Write down
Please listen to him / her
Let me say first
Walk back to your seat
Walk to the door
Tack a sheet of paper
Open your work book at page no.13
Please pay your attention
Clean the black board
Close your books, you may go home
Give back your answer papers
Stop talking
Let us stop the lesson here
Do your home work at home
Read this paragraph one after another
Stop doing that
Don’t stand here
Wait here
Take it
Wait out side
Get ready / be ready
Go at once
Get out
Get in
Don’t write
Don’t go
Try again
Bring work books tomorrow
Please come back
Say your names / numbers for attendance
Let me see
Fetch (bring) me a glass of water
Keep everything ready
Wake me up at 5o clock
Move a little bit
Don’t move
Don’t forget
Come after wards
Don’t say like that
Do your own work
Come back soon
Stay here
Respect your parents / elders
Switch on the light
Switch off the light
Go back
Remind me about it tomorrow
Don’t be late
Write with a red pen
Don’t copy others
Go and come
Go and blow your nose
Brush your teeth
Don’t stand there
Don’t waste your time
Take relax for some time
Keep them orderly
Read the sentences carefully
See how to write / read / say
See (meet) me on Sunday
Shut your mouth first
Tell him to come here
Wash your hands
Underline the words with pencil
Tell her, It is very urgent
Tell her, I am very much thankful
Tell me what happened actually
Put it on paper / table
Just listen
Move aside
Move ahead
Come forward
Leave it
stretch your hand
Don’t stand under the trees
Come to me
All girls go to pullaiah sir
Go through the lessons
Look at the contents page
Show me your home work one after another
Now let us speak English for 10 minutes
Give him a big hand
Go to the tap and wash your face
Listen to me, you will be here at 9.30 A.M tomorrow
Carry on
Don’t worry
As it is ----
At any time
Now it is about 10o clock
By name
As you like
No one knows
Nothing to say
Listen what I say ---
Have a little patience
Give some water to drink
Ask him
Go to bed
For each a mistake
Let us begin
Write quickly
Come to Point
Think before you speck
Day after Yesterday
Day after tomorrow
Go ahead
Don’t distrub me
Come in time
Come here on time
Well said
As usual
On your request
Don’t go any where
Speak loudly
Can you speak English to me
No, thanks
Come on
Switch on the fan
Switch off the fan
Stop
Stop here
Comb your hair
sign here
Get lost
Be good
Be silent
Get up
Get out
Get in
Shut up
I know
I don’t know
try again
Please remind me
Let Ravi come
Let him go
Now and then
Don’t be silly in the class
Put everything in order
Don’t come late to school
Talk politely
Follow me
Keep it with you.
Come and have your meal
Don’t wander the varandas
Convey the news to other
Observe carefully
Omit this lesson
Try to come in time
Never speak to me like that
you, come here
Name some flowers
Don’t call names
Take it easy
Tell me
Please be seated
Hello Rani, please open the English work book, see/(look at) page no.11
Geeta come here and erase the black board
Children, please trace and copy the words in page no.41
Ravi, please read these words
Mani, you go and touch the window
Sandhya, please clean here
Close your eyes
Raise your hands
Go to the play ground
Please go and get some water
Reapeat it
Listen, watch, look, write, copy, trace
Do your home work at home
o.k. fine
bye
Take care
See you
Have a good day
Have a nice time
Best of luck
Please sorry
Well done
All the best
Congratulations
I am very sorry
Very good
Excellent
Keep it up
Wish you a happy vinayaka chavithi
Wish you speedy recovery
Wish you all success
Wish you a happy new year
Clean the board
All right you must not be late again
O.k. you will have to bring it tomorrow
Don’t do that
Stop that
Be silent
Time is up, close your books, you may go home
Give back your answer papers
Please write your names on your papers
Put you work on my desk
Keep the your papers on the table
Don’t forget to bring the fee
Don’t worry about it
Never mind
Cheer up
Be happy
You are write
Exactly
That is right
Absolutely
Definitely
Mani draw a line, on the black board
Give her space
Give the boy a pen
Give the pencil to the girl
You tell mala to come here
Check your mistakes
Don’t disperse answers
Don’t exchange answers
Go in a line
Stand in a line
Form in a group
Come to me
Xth B/s go to mani sir
Tie your papers
Has he gone?
Don’t call her by her name
Don’t see bad
Don’t listen bad
Don’t say bad
________________________________________________

Class Room English 2

How are you?
What day is today?
What is the date today
What did I say Yesterday?
Where did we stop Yesterday?
Have you finisher your home work?
Can any one answer to this question?
Have you understood it?
Will you stop talking?
Can I clean (wipe) the black board?
Can you see the picture?
Can you give me an example?
Which subject do you have in the sixth period?
Who can say what we did Yesterday?
Whose pen is this?
Has the bell rung?
Who knows it?
Do your home work at home?
Can you read what I have written on the black board?
Mani, where is your exercise book?
Don’t you do home work in the class?
Who has got highest marks in English, come here?
Which period do you have Telugu?
Why were you absent Yesterday?
What did you do on Sunday?
Were you present Yesterday?
What are you doing in the last row?
What are you eating in the class?
What is making a noise?
Mala, Are you sleeping in the class?
Can you describe an elephant?
What is the price of this pen?
Mani, Aren’t you writing?
Have you read the lesson?
what is the picture of?
Why -------? Because
Have all of you brought English work book?
What happened to you?
What I mean ------
At what time?
Which one?
What I say is correct-----
Which ever is more
Which ever is less
What can we do now?
What ever it may be
Who is there?
May I know the time please?
Where shall we meet?
Do you want to speak to me?
What is the news?
Are you going any where?
I just love your talk?
Why do you ask me?
What I am telling is?
What is wrong with you?
What is happening?
What are doing in the last?
Who is who?
As for as my knowledge is concerned
In the same way
In other words
What I said was very important
What Mani, what happened.
You may go home /now
Can you speck English to me?
I will give you your answer scripts in one or two days?
How do you say/ spell/pronounce this word in English?
Can you give me an example?
How do you do?
Who knows it?
Who say what we did Yesterday?
Can any one tell me, what we did Yesterday?
Mala, you are late by 10 minutes to day, why are you late?
Whose pen is this?
Where is your exercises book?
Has the bell gone?
Has the bell rung?
What is your break fast?
Are you ready to write?
Are you ready to read?
Are you ready to give your answer scripts to me?
Are you interested?
Mani, can you give me your pen?
Mala, will you post this letter?
Have you finished your lunch?
What is the time now?
What is the time now by your wrist watch?
Now we are going to read these words?
In the morning class, I told you a story, now I would like to continue?
How old are you?
What is your class are you studying in?
Will you stop talking?
My name is Raja Sekhara Babu, I am a Teacher, I am coming to school by bus
Let me say two good words from new papers
I request , mala come to Dias to say something about significance of the Teacher’s day
To day I would like to say a good quotation to you this is from news paper
Those who are in uniform stay here
Those who are late to school stay here
They are asked to stay here after dispersement of the prayer
Mani, tell them go silently
____________________________________________

Greeting

GREETINGS:

Good morning children.
Good afternoon children.
Good evening children.
Good night children.
How are you children?
I am fine thank you sir.
How are you sir?
I am also fine thank you.
What day is it today?
What is the date today?
_____________________________________________

Checking Attendance

CHECKING ATTENDANCE:

Please, listen to me. Now, I am going to take your attendance.

Now, I will take your attendance.

OK. Listen, while call your names.

Say your names for attendance.

Let me take your attendance.

Answer your attendance.

Ravi, can you give me your attendance.

Were you present yesterday?

Is Rani absent today?

Where are Padma and Ravi?

Look here.

_____________________________

 

Control and Descipline

Control and Discipline
Listen, don’t say anything.
Don’t make a noise.
Please, keep quite.
Look here.
Look at the blackboard.
Please, listen to me carefully.
Stop talking.
Will you stop talking?
Write with a pencil / a pen.
Avoid eating in the class.
Come and sit here.
Stand up.
Raise your hand.
Stop doing that.
Get out.
Wait outside.
Don’t say like that.
Stay here.
Go back.
Shut your mouth first.
I will tell your parents / H.M.
Just listen.
Stretch your hand.
Come to me.
Listen, what I say.
Be silent.
Talk politely.
Don’t wander the verandas.
Come here.
Go to the play ground.
Please, pay your attention.
Stand in a line.
Give her space.
Don’t call her by her name.
Do your work.
Don’t disturbance us.
Don’t come late to school.
Observe carefully.
Try to come in time.
Don’t be silly in the class.
Go silently.
Who is making a noise?
What are you doing there?
Rani, Are you sleeping in the class?
Don’t you do homework in the class?
You must come to school on time.
You mustn’t come late.
Why are you late?
Come in.
Get in.
Come inside.
Go to your class room.
____________________________________________

Physical Conditions in the Class room

Physical Conditions in the class room
Come to the blackboard.
Write your name on the blackboard.
Write the date on the blackboard.
Open the door.
Shut the window.
Close the door.
Go back to your seat.
Please listen to me carefully.
Come forward.
Sit in the first row.
Stand up.
Bring me a piece of chalk.
Please switch the fan on.
Please switch the fan off.
Can any one rub the black board?
Form in a group.
Come and sit near Ravi.
Move a little bit.
Don’t move.
_______________________________________________________________

The Beginnig of the Class

The Beginning of the Lesson

What did I say yesterday?
Where did we stop the lesson yesterday?
Who can say what we did yesterday?
Who knows it?
Can anyone read what I have written on the blackboard?
Have you brought your workbooks?
What Mr.Ravi, what happened to you?
In the morning class, I told you a story now I would like to continue it.
Now, I am going to draw some thing on the blackboard.
Watch carefully.
Have you done the homework?
Show me your home work one by one?
Why haven’t you done your homework?
Ravi, come here write the date on the blackboard.
Show me your copy writing notebook.
Take out your notebooks.
Open your workbook at page no. 14.
We discussed it yesterday.
_______________________________________________

While Teaching the Lesson

While teaching the lesson

Can you see the picture?
Can anyone answer this question?
Have you understood it?
Can I clean the blackboard?
Can you give me an example?
What is the picture of?
What I mean……….
At what time……….
Which one …………..
What I say is?
Let me say first.
Which ever is less?
Which ever is more?
What ever it may be.
As far as my knowledge is concerned.
In other words.
In the mean while.
In the mean time.
Now we are going to read these words.
What I said was very important?
Has the bell rung?
Has the bell gone?
Read aloud.
Read silently.
Write quickly.
Please say it again.
Say it aloud after me.
Don’t say it after me.
Come and meet me after the class.
Is it very clear?
Is there any more doubt?
Follow me.
Write down.
Take down.
Don’t write, listen to me.
Go and blow your nose.
Underline the words with pencil.
Tell me what happened actually.
Let us start.
______________________________________________________________-

The End of the Lesson

The End of the Lesson
Time to stop
It is almost time to stop.
We will stop here.
Let's stop the lesson here.
There is the bell, it's time to stop.
No time to stop
The bell hasn't one yet.
There are still two minutes to go.
The Lesson doesn't finish till five fast.
Your watch must be fast.
We seem to have finished early.
We have an extra five minutes.
Sit, quietly until the bell goes.
We still have a couple of minutes left.
Wait a minute
Hang on a moment.
Just hold on a moment.
Stay where you are for a moment.
Just a moment please.
One more thing before a go.
Back to your places.
Next time
We will do the rest of this chapter next time.
We will finish this exercise next lesson.
We have run out of time, so we will continue next lesson.
We will continue this chapter next monday.
Home work
This is your home work for tonight.
Take this as home work.
Do exercise 12 on page 24 for your home work.
Prepare the next chapter for Monday.
There is no home work tonight.
Remember your home work.
Listen to me, you will have tomorrow.
You will be here by 8a.m. tomorrow.
Good Bye.
Good Bye Everyone.
See you again next Wednesday.
See you tomorrow afternoon.
See you in room no.9 after the break.
Have a good holiday.
Enjoy your vacations.
Leaving the room
Get into a queue.
Form a queue and for the bell.
Be quite as you leave, other classes are still working.
Time is up, close your books, you may go home.
Take this as homework.
Do your homework at home.
Let us stop the lesson here.
Listen to me, you have a class tomorrow.
You will be here by 8 am tomorrow.
Time is up, close your books, you may go home.
___________________________________________________________